Fennel can also be seen as a medicinal herb, as it has countless wonderful effects. As well as containing protein, fat, carbohydrates and fibre, it is also high in potassium, folate and carotenoids. If you’re looking for a heart-friendly vegetable, look no further, as fennel has very positive effects on cardiovascular health.
Not only does fennel have potassium and folate to support heart function, but it also has a high fibre content. Studies show that a diet rich in fibre can help not only to control blood pressure but also to reduce high cholesterol. Vegetables are higher in fibre, as is fennel. For these effects alone, fennel is known as a heart-healthy food.
Fennel also contains beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the body and this plays a key role in maintaining healthy skin. Another useful vitamin in the herb is vitamin C, which plays a major role in collagen production and improves the structure of skin tissue. Both vitamins A and C are considered antioxidants and both play a role in maintaining healthy skin, while also supporting the respiratory system.
Fennel contains antioxidants that have anti-inflammatory effects. These include vitamin C and plant flavonoids such as quercetin. The protective effect of polyphenols is well known, as they play a major role in the prevention of chronic diseases.
This delicious vegetable also contains high levels of folic acid, which is essential for the production of red blood cells, which can reduce the symptoms of anaemia.
Because fennel is high in fibre, low in calories and low in glycaemic index, regular consumption has a positive effect on blood sugar levels.
Fennel can also make a great salad.
Carrot and fennel salad
- 1 carrot, grated
- 1 fennel, thinly sliced
- 2 cloves of garlic, grated
- 1 teaspoon of mustard
- olive oil
- salt, pepper
- toasted walnuts
Mix the vegetables in a salad bowl, then make the dressing with the other ingredients. Finally, sprinkle toasted walnuts on top of the salad.