The Mediterranean diet is one of the healthiest diets you can follow. Studies also report that this diet is also very beneficial for our health, as it can protect us from many diseases – whether it’s heart disease or hay fever.
The secret is probably in the anti-inflammatory properties of the foods, as well as the fibre, vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients. A Mediterranean diet can be one of the essential elements of a healthy lifestyle, and regular exercise is another.
The nutritional pyramid was created in the 1990s and modified in 2008 to include herbs and spices, which have a place in the Mediterranean dietary pyramid for their antioxidant and digestive properties. The newer compilation places greater emphasis on fish, not surprisingly, as they contain high levels of omega-3 fats, which actively contribute to heart, skin and nervous system health.
At the bottom of the food pyramid is the importance of physical activity and sharing meals with others, such as family members. This is followed by vegetables, fruit, whole grains, olive oil, nuts, seeds, pulses, herbs and spices.
Fish and seafood come next in order of importance. Next in importance are poultry, eggs, cheese and yoghurt. At the top of the pyramid are meats and sweets, so we should eat the least of these. And the pyramid mentions drinking water regularly, but there’s also a place for red wine, which is also good for your health when consumed in moderation.
Whole grains include wheat, which may come as a surprise as it can cause many health problems. For example, it can be a cause of allergies and inflammation, but the Mediterranean diet has anti-inflammatory properties, with its powerful anti-inflammatory flavonoids, healthy fats and immune-boosting antioxidants. And because garlic, which is also rich in flavonoids and quercetin, is often used in Mediterranean cuisine, it can counteract the potentially negative effects of wheat.